Monday, 13 July 2015

"But you were living before that,/ and also you are living after": Grant Overton on W. Somerset Maugham

W. Somerset Maugham in 1922 - from Authors of the Day
W. Somerset Maugham in 1922
from Authors of the Day

Recently, perhaps something like in the last two months, I came across several old (and some not so old) books on Maugham by or on people who knew him, which gives me an idea to write a series of posts on them, linking them together to construct an image of W. Somerset Maugham.

One of these books, And did he stop and speak to you?, such a playful title, delightful, gives me a name for these posts. G. B. Stern, known as "Peter," used a line from Robert Browning's poem "Memorabilia" for her book of biographies of famous friends/acquaintances that she had known.

She recounts in the preface different conjectures of when and the psychological map of Browning when he wrote the poem on the experience of meeting someone who had actually met Shelley, his hero, in the flesh.

To meet someone who has known Maugham is still possible, but I am not quite sure how I would react to that. It is a new sensation to even think about it, since I have been working on authors that are so long dead that their presence is transmitted in a completely different way.

All this is to explain the title of my post. Another two lines from Browning's poem catch my attention:
But you were living before that,
And also you are living after;

The awe, the longing, the admiration, the incredibility. They take me back to my teenage dream of grabbing my idolized pop singer. "To do what?" you ask. "I haven't the faintest idea," I answer chastely, or more poetically (and provocatively), "And there I put inside my breast," quoting Browning again.

I have the feeling that I have been circling my subject (i.e. Maugham) in my studies on Christabel Aberconway, Edward Marsh, Marie Stopes, or reviews on books, such as the ones by Louis Marlow or George H. Doran, and now this, but it gives a different kind of knowledge and pleasure to see my author as others who had known him saw him, which must be what biographers find gratifying.

I will talk about Stern's book later, for now I will start with Grant Overton, purely for the seniority of his book. Now we get to the meat.

Grant Overton - When Winter Comes to Main Street


When Winter Comes to Main Street (1922) by Grant Overton
When Winter Comes to Main Street (1922) by Grant Overton

Overton, Grant. When Winter Comes to Mean Street (New York: George H. Doran, 1922)

According to Stott, Maugham liked Grant Overton, who handled the promotional side of his works for Doran, well enough (222). Not much information can be gained through Maugham's biographies, so I surmise that they did not know each other all that well, although they did correspond.

In 1922, Overton published a book called When Winter Comes to Main Street; as he explains in the preface, the title comes from A. S. M. Hutchinson's If Winter Comes and Sinclair Lewis's Main Street. It is a tribute to the American writers and the ever-growing American reading public. His purpose is to talk about Doran books and authors, which, naturally, include W. Somerset Maugham.

The chapter is titled "The Heterogeneous Magic of Maugham," which is later reprinted in 1924, also in book form, as Authors of the Day, with more writers included. Stott has the two books registered in his catalogue as F6 and F12; I would say that the two chapters are identical, except a little bit added at the end, in the notes, which gives a very interesting piece of information, which I will talk about presently.

Authors of the Day (1924) - Grant Overton
Authors of the Day (1924) - Grant Overton

At that time in the '20s Maugham appeared to be more famous as the author of The Moon and Sixpence (1919) than of Of Human Bondage (1915). The chapter itself consists of two extended extracts from Theodore Dreiser and Hector MacQuarrie, who wrote about Maugham in Tahiti. The former, by this time, is well known for his review of Of Human Bondage; as for the latter, from what is quoted, MacQuarrie seems to have made up his mind that the live models of The Moon and Sixpence should be indignant by Maugham's book; nevertheless, from his own account, they were really quite unconcerned.

The book version of MacQuarrie's Tahiti Days (1920) appears to be different from what Overton quotes in his book. As for Maugham in the South Seas, The Two Worlds of Somerset Maugham (1965) was published by Wilmon Menard, who followed his footsteps to the other parts of the world.

After the extracts and a quote from the then recently published On a Chinese Screen (1922), Overton went on to give a brief biography of Maugham, which is curiously not devoid of error.

He repeats a mistake that I have seen in other reference books, that Maugham studied medicine at Heidelberg University before going to St. Thomas's Hospital. I gather that this could be from Who's Who, but I do not have access to a copy to check it.

St. Thomas's Hospital now is no longer the same as in Maugham's days, naturally, but one can still see the vestige of the old hospital.

Maugham's St. Thomas's Hospital in 2015
Maugham's St. Thomas's Hospital in 2015

Overton has high opinion of Mrs. Craddock (1902), noting how avant-garde it was. Moreover, he also examines in passing Maugham the playwright. He mentions a curious fact that Maugham, at the anniversary of his success with Lady Frederick, thought of inviting the seventeen managers who had rejected his play to dinner. How cheeky! As for the play Caroline (written in 1915, published as The Unattainable), Maugham wrote some of the amusing lines while a spy who was tailing him was standing outside in the snow (289–90).

As the author himself states in the preface, or at least the chapter on Maugham, it is more like an advertisement for Doran. A little more on how Overton himself sees Maugham in their dealings, who has once seen him plain albeit in business capacity, would have given more interest.

For the error about Heidelberg, it seems a bit careless to make the mistake about authors in one's own publishing house, which, at the same time, leads us to think that probably Maugham did not read the chapter at all, since the text remains the same in the later edition in 1924. This is by no means surprising, as he told Cordell that he could not read anything about himself unless it was absolutely necessary (Stott, Raymond Toole. A Bibliography of W. Somerset Maugham. London: Kaye and Ward, 302).

Now, we come to an interesting part that only appears in the second edition. Overton gives his sources, and adds a note about recent projects that Maugham was engaged in, the production of "The Camel's Back" and the new novel The Painted Veil, and referred to the adaptation of the very successfully staged "Rain." And Overton writes: "His secretary, who had accompanied him, had filled a notebook with about 70,000 words of dictated observations—future source material" (364).

My acquaintance with Maugham's biographies is slight. I confess that I use them as reference books instead of reading them whole. I am surprised that Maugham dictated, even to Gerald Haxton. My impression from reading Maugham's works is that he was not too keen on this form of composition, which many authors find comfortable with, such as Henry James, George du Maurier, or the forgotten dramatist Haddon Chambers, and Maugham himself writes of Goethe:
Goethe, early in life, had taken to dictating–a practice that has proved disastrous to more than one distinguished novelist–and when he had once begun to discourse on a matter that interested him, though it had nothing to do with his subject, he could not stop. (Points of View. London: Heinemann, 1958. 48)

One should note that Overton reports that Maugham dictated only observations, which could be considered differently from writing the actual draft.

I would like to thank my friend who brought my attention to the second edition of this book. The first edition, When Winter Comes to Main Street can be downloaded from Project Gutenberg. MacQuarrie's Tahiti Days can be downloaded from Internet Archive.

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How to cite this:


When Winter Comes to Main Street at AbeBooks
Authors of the Day at AbeBooks
And Did He Stop and Speak to You? at AbeBooks
Tahiti Days at AbeBooks

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