Tuesday, 22 September 2015

Analysis: Modern Fairy Tale: "The Treasure" by W. Somerset Maugham

The Mixture As Before (1940) - W. Somerset Maugham
The Mixture As Before (1940) - W. Somerset Maugham

"The Treasure." The Mixture As Before. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1940. 59–84


Glenway Wescott's high opinion of this short story, "The Treasure," in his essay "Somerset Maugham and Posterity" got me curious to read it again.

Like the last story, "The Back of Beyond," that I talked about, "The Treasure" was first published in Cosmopolitan under a different title, "The Best Ever," in May 1934, six years before it was collected in The Mixture As Before.

I am puzzled though by Wescott's comment that the story was written in 1942, since it was already printed in book form by then, if he was not aware of its first appearance in Cosmopolitan.

Richard Harenger: The Knight with Shining Silver and His Treasure


It is a simple and delightful story. Although the story itself cannot be more different, "The Treasure" reminds me of "Mr. Know-All." There is the same perfect structure, the seemingly effortless light-heartedness. A gentlemanly joke. Wescott does pinpoint it when he writes that it is like one of those clocks that does not need rewinding.

Let's look at the first line and the last line of the story:
Richard Harenger was a happy man. (59)

Richard Harenger was a very happy man. (84)

So, if you only read the beginning and the end, the conclusion would be the treasure that he has got makes him an even happier man.

The simple line "Richard Harenger was a happy man" is not as innocent as it may appear. It sets the tone of the story, giving a clue to the reader that it is going to be a comedy.

The opening paragraph defines Harenger and his happiness, which is very simple. He is an ordinary fellow who appreciates his life instead of looking out forever for what is not his. He does not covet. He is terribly pleased with himself.

The salient point at the beginning is the flow of the prose. It has simplicity and euphony, and the different length of the sentences gives variety.

The first paragraph is about his character, the second his position/routine, and the third his sentimental relation. A man slowly materializes in front of our eyes. (In this, Maugham predates our social profiling. We have Harenger's age, marital status, his hobbies, location, profession, and what he is looking for.)

However, Harenger has a problem. He is no longer self-sufficient; his peace is about to be disturbed. He needs a parlourmaid! Not just any parlourmaid, but one that can satisfy all his exigencies.

Of course we are all very sympathetic about that.

Then as if by a few dips of the magic wand of the fairy godmother, he gets just the one that he needs. Only Maugham puts it in another way:
Now it is a funny thing about life, if you refuse to accept anything but the best you very often get it: if you utterly decline to make do with what you can get, then somehow or other you are very likely to get what you want. (63)

Pritchard is everything that he ever wants; she presses his shirt just as he likes it, she knows which suit he wants to wear for the day, she washes his socks by hand, she knows about wine, she deals with his guests, she manages his calendar, she polishes expensive silver and makes them shine as never before, and she does not say a word more than he would have it.

Such is the day dream of a middle-age respectable gentleman, a modern fairy tale.

Pritchard is even attractive, tall, and comely. Modern fairy tale usually has a twist. No, Pritchard does not have a fish's tail; no, Pritchard is not about to kill Harenger.

The rising action comes, nothing less than in a dance.

By chance Harenger forgets his keys on Pritchard's day off. Finding her at home instead of having gone out, on the spur of the moment Harenger invites her to go to a picture with him. One thing leads to another, before he knows it they are dancing together.
He gave a glance at the mirrors that lined the walls, and he could not help reflecting that they looked very well together. Their eyes met in the mirror; he wondered whether she was thinking that, too. (80)

But it is not her pretty face that muddles his mind, it is his smugness. It is his own reflection that he falls for.
It had been a success. Richard Harenger was satisfied with himself. It was a kindly thing for him to have done. It was a very agreeable sensation to give anyone so much real pleasure. His benevolence warmed him and for a moment he felt a great love in his heart for the whole human race. (81)

After Maugham's discrete ellipses, we come to the morning after.
He had a curious sensation that he did not recognize. He was accustomed to sleep with two pillows under his head, and he suddenly grew aware of the fact that he had only one. (81)

You cannot choose a better detail to characterize Harenger.

His conflict was between the impossibility of keeping her and the impossibility of letting her go because
He would never find anyone else to look after his clothes so admirably or clean the silver so well. She knew all his friends' telephone numbers, and she understood wine. (82)

What a modern dilemma!

Now, there, if ever one would like to sustain the argument that Maugham was a misogynist, he better uses this story instead of any of those with cheating wives, remember an unfaithful wife requires a co-respondent, the ratio is one to one.

While Harenger is thus tortured, "Richard Harenger was a very unhappy man" (83), having his life torn apart in front of his eyes, Pritchard reappears as the clock strikes as usual. Nothing has changed. The carriage has dutifully gone back into a pumpkin. It is as if nothing had happened. Harenger can go back to his perfect life and Pritchard needs not go. "Richard Harenger was a very happy man" (84). He has found his treasure.

What about Pritchard? She is there as a prop. She is no more human than, say, the Chippendale chair at the corner. This is a story about Richard Harenger, not about Pritchard with no first name. She is the magical element with no beginning and no end. Even her name is a reflection of his, Richard, Pritchard, a wish fulfilment, a fantasy, a day dream.

So, what is this story about?

It is about a self-centred, self-indulgent, self-absorbed man, to whom the objective in life is the clockwork running of his house and the absolute unquestioned adherence to social conventions, which is the basic construct of his selfhood, and which otherwise would be void of reflection, would disappear into thin air. It is about what a successful man wants from a woman, he wants a servant, well, and an uncalled for one night stand. Of course one wonders if it will have a reoccurrence, but that is beyond the fairy tale, which only gets us as far as the happily ever after.

The change of title this time highlights the supernaturalness of Pritchard, a treasure found, something mysterious, inhuman, rather than just being extraordinarily competent, as best ever. She is incomparable.

Maugham's cynicism is hard to take, although he does not drive his point home if you want to look the other way. The moral lesson is absent. The protagonist is not required to struggle and overcome himself, which would not be much of a fairy tale for him, if you think about it. The moral lesson is that there is no moral lesson.

You can read "The Treasure" at My Maugham Collection Concordance Library (MMCCL).

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